The effects of borax on milk yield and selected metabolic parameters in Austrian Simmental (Fleckvieh) cows M., Uyarlar C. (2015): The effects of borax on milk yield and selected metabolic parameters in Austrian Simmental (Fleckvieh) cows. Veterinarni Medicina, 60: 175-180.
download PDF
This study was conducted to determine the effects of orally administered borax on milk yield and on several blood variables related to metabolism in early lactation in Austrian Simmental cows (Fleckvieh). Twenty primiparous cows were selected at parturition and then assigned to one of two groups, the control group or the borax group. The study lasted for four weeks. Borax was administered orally at 0.2 mg/kg/day (Boron group) to all treatment cows shortly after the noon milking, whereas cows in the control group were not treated. All cows consumed the same diet. All feeds in the diet were analysed for crude cellulose, protein, ether extract, ash, and dry matter according to the Weende Analysis Systems, in addition to ADF and NDF, according to Van Soest. Blood samples were collected from all cows via the vena jugularis on lactation Days 0, 7, 15, 21 and 28 and analysed for the following: serum boron (B), non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), beta-hydroxybutyric acid (BHBA), total cholesterol (TChol), high density lipids (HDL), total protein (TP), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), albumin (ALB), creatine (CRE), uric acid (UA), glucose (GLU), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) concentrations. Serum B concentration was higher in the borax group than in the control group at Weeks 1, 2, 3, and 4 of the experiment. Serum B concentration did not change in the control group during these weeks, but it gradually increased in the borax group week by week (P < 0.05). Borax administration increased serum TP and decreased the serum UA concentration at Week 4, and decreased serum HDL concentration at Week 3 of the experiment. Serum TChol, BHBA, and BUN concentrations increased (P < 0.05), while NEFA decreased (P < 0.05) after parturition in both groups. The BHBA concentration gradually increased in the control group, but it began to decrease in the borax group during the final week of the experiment. Moreover, milk yield did not differ between the groups for 14 weeks. The results indicate that borax administration did not have any negative effects on the health of Austrian Simmental (Fleckvieh) cows during early lactation. However, studies of longer duration are needed to reveal the effectiveness of borax administration with respect to early lactation in cows.
Bakken NA, Hunt CD (2003): Dietary boron decreases peak pancreatic in situ insulin release in chicks and plasma insulin concentrations in rats regardless of vitamin D or magnesium status. Journal of Nutrition 133, 3577–3583.
Basoglu Abdullah, Sevinc Mutlu, Birdane Fatih M., Boydak Murat (2002): Efficacy of Sodium Borate in the Prevention of Fatty Liver in Dairy Cows. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 16, 732-735
Basoglu A., Baspinar N., Ozturk A. Sagkan, Akalin P. Peker (2010): Effects of boron administration on hepatic steatosis, hematological and biochemical profiles in obese rabbits. Trace Elements and Electrolytes, 27, 225-231
Blevins D G, Lukaszewski K M (1994): Proposed physiologic functions of boron in plants pertinent to animal and human metabolism. Environmental Health Perspectives, 102, 31-33
Devirian Tara A., Volpe Stella L. (2003): The Physiological Effects of Dietary Boron. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 43, 219-231
Fry R. S., Lloyd K. E., Jacobi S. K., Siciliano P. D., Robarge W. P., Spears J. W. (2010): Effect of dietary boron on immune function in growing beef steers*. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 94, 273-279
Fry R.S., Brown T.T., Lloyd K.E., Hansen S.L., Legleiter L.R., Robarge W.P., Spears J.W. (2011): Effect of dietary boron on physiological responses in growing steers inoculated with bovine herpesvirus type-1. Research in Veterinary Science, 90, 78-83
Hall IH, Spielvogal BF, Griffin TS, Docks EL, Brotherton RJ (1989): The effects of boron hypolipidemic agents on LDL and HDL receptor binding and related enzyme activities of rat hepatocytes, aorta cells and human fibroblasts, Research Communications in Chemical Pathology and Pharmacology 65, 297–317.
Howe Paul D. (1998): A review of boron effects in the environment. Biological Trace Element Research, 66, 153-166
Hunt Curtiss D. (1998): Regulation of enzymatic activity. Biological Trace Element Research, 66, 205-225
Hunt Curtiss D. (2012): Dietary boron: Progress in establishing essential roles in human physiology. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, 26, 157-160
Kabu M, Akosman MS (2013): Biological effects of boron. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 225, 57–75.
Kabu M, Civelek T (2012): Effects of propylene glycol, methionine and sodium borate on metabolic profile in dairy cattle during periparturient period. Revue de Medecine Veterinaire 163, 419–430.
Kabu M, Birdane FM, Civelek T, Uyarlar C (2013): Effects of boron administration on serum Ca, Mg and P for peripartum cows. Archives of Animal Breeding 56, 733–741.
Kabu M, Civelek T, Birdane FM (2014): Effects of boron, propylene glycol and methionine administration on some hematological parameters in dairy cattle during periparturient period. Veterinarski Arhiv 84, 19–29.
Loomis WD, Durst RW (1992): Chemistry and biology of boron. Biofactors 3, 229–239.
Naghii MR, Samman S (1997a): The effect of boron on plasma testosterone and plasma lipids in rats. Nutrition Research 17, 523–531.
Naghii MR, Samman S (1997b): The effect of boron supplementation on its urinary excretion and selected cardiovascular risk factors in healthy male subjects. Biological Trace Element Research 56, 273–286.
Nielsen FH (1997): Boron in human and animal nutrition. Plant Soil 193, 199–208.
NRC (National Research Council) (1989): Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. 6th rev. ed. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC.
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences