Penetrating eye injury in a dog: a case report

https://doi.org/10.17221/8110-VETMEDCitation:Lew M., Lew S., Drazek M., Pomianowski A. (2015): Penetrating eye injury in a dog: a case report. Veterinarni Medicina, 60: 213-221.
download PDF
A four-year-old, male German Shepherd dog with severe pain in the left eye following a corneal perforation with a foreign body was examined. An ophthalmic examination revealed conjunctival hyperaemia and pancorneal dense oedema, preventing a diagnosis of deeper structures of the eye and lowered IOP. Vision testing was missing or impossible to detect. Ultrasonography showed a solid hyperechoic line protruding through the iris and lens into the vitreous and minor posterior lens displacement. The dog qualified for immediate surgical treatment. Intraoperative ophthalmic examination revealed a rupture of the anterior hyaloid membrane with vitreous herniation, posterior lens subluxation, lens capsule rupture and a torn iris. Partial iridectomy and intracapsular lens extraction (ICLE) was conducted. Slit-lamp biomicroscopy revealed iridodonesis and a gradual reduction of the corneal oedema, leading to complete transparency in the bottom two-thirds of the area on Day 12 after surgery. Direct and consensual PLR was sluggish and the dazzle reflex was positive. An electroretinographic examination confirmed normal activity of the retina.
References:
Andrew Stacy E. (2003): Corneal fungal disease in small animals. Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice, 18, 186-192  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1096-2867(03)90015-6
 
Atta HR (eds.) (1996): Ophthalmic Ultrasound, a Practical Guide. 1st ed. Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford. 164 pp.
 
Barrett PM, Scagliotti RH, Merideth RE, Jackson PA, Alarcon FL (1991): Absolute corneal sensitivity and corneal trigeminal nerve anatomy in normal dogs. Progress in Veterinary and Comparative Ophthalmology 1, 245–254.
 
Bedford P. G. C. (1988): Primary lens luxation in the dog. In Practice, 10, 188-193  https://doi.org/10.1136/inpract.10.5.188
 
Befanis P, Peiffer R, Brown D (1981): Endothelial repair of the canine cornea. American Journal of Veterinary Research 42, 590–595.
 
Bell Cynthia M., Pot Simon A., Dubielzig Richard R. (2013): Septic implantation syndrome in dogs and cats: a distinct pattern of endophthalmitis with lenticular abscess. Veterinary Ophthalmology, 16, 180-185  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-5224.2012.01046.x
 
Buschmann W (1987): Microsurgical treatment of lens capsule perforations. Part II: Clinical applications and results. Ophthalmic Surgery 18, 276–282.
 
Bussanich MN, Rootman J (1981): Intraocular foreign body in a dog. Canadian Veterinary Journal 22, 207–210.
 
Chew HF, Jungkind DL, Mah DY, Raber IM, Toll AD, Tokarczyk MJ, Cohen EJ (2010): Post-traumatic fungal keratitis caused by Carpoligna species. Cornea 29, 449–452.
 
Crispin S (1986): Removal of organic foreign bodies from the canine anterior segment of the cornea. Canine Practice 13, 12–14.
 
Cullen CL, Grahn BH (2005): Diagnostic ophthalmology. Right corneal foreign body, secondary ulcerative keratitis, and anterior uveitis. Canadian Veterinary Journal 46, 1054–1055.
 
Curtis Roger (1990): Lens Luxation in the Dog and Cat. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 20, 755-773  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0195-5616(90)50061-3
 
Curtis R., Barnett K., Lewis S. (1983): Clinical and pathological observations concerning the aetiology of primary lens luxation in the dog. Veterinary Record, 112, 238-246  https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.112.11.238
 
Davidson MG, Nelms SR (1999): 23 Diseases of the lens and cataract formation. In: Gelatt KN (eds.): Veterinary Ophthalmology. 3rd ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. 797–825.
 
Davidson MG, Nasisse MP, Jamieson VE, English RV, Olivero DK (1991): Traumatic anterior lens capsule disruption. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 27, 410–414.
 
Dean E (2004): Eye traumas in dogs and cats. EMC – Veterinaire 5, 199–229.
 
Denis Heidi M. (2002): Anterior lens capsule disruption and suspected malignant glaucoma in a dog. Veterinary Ophthalmology, 5, 79-83  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1463-5224.2002.00220.x
 
Ekesten Björn, Komáromy András M., Ofri Ron, Petersen-Jones Simon M., Narfström Kristina (2013): Guidelines for clinical electroretinography in the dog: 2012 update. Documenta Ophthalmologica, 127, 79-87  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10633-013-9388-8
 
Fielding JA (1992): Imaging the eye with ultrasound. British Journal of Hospital Medicine 47, 805–815.
 
Gelatt KN (1974): Organic corneal foreign bodies in the dog. Veterinary Medicine and Small Animal Clinician 69, 1423–1428.
 
Gelatt KN, Gelatt JP (2001a): 8. Surgery of the cornea and sclera. In: Gelatt KN, Gelatt JP (eds.): Small Animal Ophthalmic Surgery. 1st ed. Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford. 180–218.
 
Gelatt KN, Gelat JP (2001b): 12. Vitreoretinal surgery. In: Gelatt KN, Gelatt JP (eds.): Small Animal Ophthalmic Surgery. 1st ed. Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford. 336–361.
 
Gilger BC, Ollivier FJ, Bentley E (2007): 15 Diseases and surgery of the canine cornea and sclera. In: Gelatt KN (eds.): Veterinary ophthalmology. 4th ed. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford. 690–745.
 
Gionfriddo JR, Chen T (2011): A challenging case: A dog with a painful red eye. Veterinary Medicine 7, 346–350.
 
Glover TL, Davidson MG, Nasisse MP, Olivero DK (1995): The intracapsular extraction of displaced lenses in dogs: a retrospective study of 57 cases (1984-1990). Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, 31, 77-81  https://doi.org/10.5326/15473317-31-1-77
 
Grahn BH, Szentimrey D, Pharr JW, Farrow CS, Fowler D (1995): Ocular and orbital porcupine quills in the dog: A review and case series. Canadian Veterinary Journal 36, 488–493.
 
Hendrix DVH (2007): 17 Diseases and surgery of the canine anterior uvea. In: Gelatt KN (eds.): Veterinary ophthalmology. 4th ed. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford. 812–849.
 
Jeong Man Bok, Narfström Kristina, Park Shin Ae, Chae Je Min, Seo Kang Moon (2009): Comparison of the effects of three different combinations of general anesthetics on the electroretinogram of dogs. Documenta Ophthalmologica, 119, 79-88  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10633-009-9173-x
 
Kinoshita JH (1974): Mechanisms initiating cataract formation. Investigative Ophthalmology 13, 713–724.
 
Klatte J. Michael, Dastjerdi Mohammad H., Clark Kylie, Harrison Christopher J., Grigorian Florin, Stahl Erin D. (2012): Hyperacute Infectious Keratitis With Plesiomonas shigelloides Following Traumatic Lamellar Corneal Laceration. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 31, 1200-1201  https://doi.org/10.1097/INF.0b013e318266b61f
 
Kommonen B, Karhunen U, Raitta C (1988): Effects of thiopentone halothane-nitrous oxide anaesthesia compared to ketamine-xylazine anaesthesia on the DC recorded dog electroretinogram. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 29, 23–33.
 
Malar AJ, Dubielzig RR (1995): Delayed onset of endophthalmitis following lens capsule rupture. In: 25th Annual Meeting of the American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists, 46 pp.
 
Manning S, Renwick P, Heinrich CL, Cripps P (2006): The surgical management of lens dislocation in the dog: a retrospective study of 102 cases (155 eyes) 1994–2004. BSAVA Congress Clinical Research Abstracts.
 
Marfurt CF, Murphy CJ, Florczak JL (2001): Morphology and neurochemistry of canine corneal innervation. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 42, 2242–2251.
 
Martin CL (2010a): 10. Cornea and sclera. In: Martin CL (ed.): Ophthalmic Disease in Veterinary Medicine. 2nd ed. Manson Publishing, London. 241–288.
 
Martin CL (2010b): 14. Vitreous and ocula fundus In: Martin CL (ed.): Ophthalmic Disease in Veterinary Medicine. 2nd ed. Manson Publishing, London. 401–460.
 
Mathias R. T., White T. W., Gong X. (): Lens Gap Junctions in Growth, Differentiation, and Homeostasis. Physiological Reviews, 90, 179-206  https://doi.org/10.1152/physrev.00034.2009
 
Narfstrom K, Ekesten B, Rosolen SG Spiess BM, Percicot CL, Ofri R (2002): Guidelines for clinical electroretinography in the dog. Documenta Ophthalmologica 105, 83–92. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1020524305726
 
Nasisse Mark P., Glover Tony L. (1997): Surgery for Lens Instability. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 27, 1175-1192  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0195-5616(97)50108-2
 
Ofri R (2008): 13. Lens. In: Maggs DJ, Miller PE, Ofri R (eds.): Slatter’s Fundamentals of Veterinary Ophthalmology. 4th ed. Saunders, St. Louis. 258–276.
 
Paulsen Michael E., Kass Philip H. (2012): Traumatic corneal laceration with associated lens capsule disruption: a retrospective study of 77 clinical cases from 1999 to 2009. Veterinary Ophthalmology, 15, 355-368  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-5224.2011.00990.x
 
Pizzirani S (1998): Lens dislocation. In: 4th European FECAVA SCIVAC Congress Book, 343–344.
 
Sandmeyer LS, Bowen G, Grahn BH (2007): Diagnostic ophthalmology. Anterior uveitis, cataract, retinal detachment, and an intraocular foreign body. Canadian Veterinary Journal 48, 975–976.
 
Sansom Jane, Labruyère Julien (2012): Penetrating ocular gunshot injury in a Labrador Retriever. Veterinary Ophthalmology, 15, 115-122  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-5224.2011.00941.x
 
Santoro Severino, Sannace Carmela, Cascella Maria Caterina, Lavermicocca Nicola (2003): Subluxated lens. Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery, 29, 2269-2273  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0886-3350(03)00344-4
 
Saroglu M, Erdikmen DO, Guzel O, Aydin D (2007): Luxatio lentis in dogs: a case report. Veterinarni medicina 52, 213–221.
 
SCHMIDT G. M., DICE P. F., KOCH S. A. (1975): Intraocular lead foreign bodies in four canine eyes. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 16, 33-39  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-5827.1975.tb05713.x
 
Slatter DH, Bryan GM (1972): An unusual foreign body in the anterior chamber of a dog. Veterinary Medicine and Small Animal Clinician 67, 775–778.
 
Spiess BM, Fuhli MR, Bollinger J (1996): Eye injuries from cats claw at dog (in German). Schweizer Archiv fur Tierheilkunde 138, 429–433.
 
Waring GO 3rd, Bourne WM, Edelhauser HF, Kenyon KR (1982): The corneal endothelium. Normal and pathologic structure and function. Ophthalmology 89, 531–590.
 
Wilcock BP, Peiffer RL Jr (1987): The pathology of lens-induced uveitis in dogs. Veterinary Pathology 24, 1549–1553.
 
Williams MM, Wilcock BP (1988): Traumatic exogenous uveitis. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology 1, 35–37.
 
Yuguchi T (): Pupillary Functions After Cataract Surgery Using Flexible Iris Retractor in Patients With Small Pupil,. Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology, 43, 20-24  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-5155(98)00055-0
 
Andrew Stacy E. (2003): Corneal fungal disease in small animals. Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice, 18, 186-192  https://doi.org/10.1016/S1096-2867(03)90015-6
 
Atta HR (eds.) (1996): Ophthalmic Ultrasound, a Practical Guide. 1st ed. Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford. 164 pp.
 
Barrett PM, Scagliotti RH, Merideth RE, Jackson PA, Alarcon FL (1991): Absolute corneal sensitivity and corneal trigeminal nerve anatomy in normal dogs. Progress in Veterinary and Comparative Ophthalmology 1, 245–254.
 
Bedford P. G. C. (1988): Primary lens luxation in the dog. In Practice, 10, 188-193  https://doi.org/10.1136/inpract.10.5.188
 
Befanis P, Peiffer R, Brown D (1981): Endothelial repair of the canine cornea. American Journal of Veterinary Research 42, 590–595.
 
Bell Cynthia M., Pot Simon A., Dubielzig Richard R. (2013): Septic implantation syndrome in dogs and cats: a distinct pattern of endophthalmitis with lenticular abscess. Veterinary Ophthalmology, 16, 180-185  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-5224.2012.01046.x
 
Buschmann W (1987): Microsurgical treatment of lens capsule perforations. Part II: Clinical applications and results. Ophthalmic Surgery 18, 276–282.
 
Bussanich MN, Rootman J (1981): Intraocular foreign body in a dog. Canadian Veterinary Journal 22, 207–210.
 
Chew HF, Jungkind DL, Mah DY, Raber IM, Toll AD, Tokarczyk MJ, Cohen EJ (2010): Post-traumatic fungal keratitis caused by Carpoligna species. Cornea 29, 449–452.
 
Crispin S (1986): Removal of organic foreign bodies from the canine anterior segment of the cornea. Canine Practice 13, 12–14.
 
Cullen CL, Grahn BH (2005): Diagnostic ophthalmology. Right corneal foreign body, secondary ulcerative keratitis, and anterior uveitis. Canadian Veterinary Journal 46, 1054–1055.
 
Curtis Roger (1990): Lens Luxation in the Dog and Cat. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 20, 755-773  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0195-5616(90)50061-3
 
Curtis R., Barnett K., Lewis S. (1983): Clinical and pathological observations concerning the aetiology of primary lens luxation in the dog. Veterinary Record, 112, 238-246  https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.112.11.238
 
Davidson MG, Nelms SR (1999): 23 Diseases of the lens and cataract formation. In: Gelatt KN (eds.): Veterinary Ophthalmology. 3rd ed. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. 797–825.
 
Davidson MG, Nasisse MP, Jamieson VE, English RV, Olivero DK (1991): Traumatic anterior lens capsule disruption. Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association 27, 410–414.
 
Dean E (2004): Eye traumas in dogs and cats. EMC – Veterinaire 5, 199–229.
 
Denis Heidi M. (2002): Anterior lens capsule disruption and suspected malignant glaucoma in a dog. Veterinary Ophthalmology, 5, 79-83  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1463-5224.2002.00220.x
 
Ekesten Björn, Komáromy András M., Ofri Ron, Petersen-Jones Simon M., Narfström Kristina (2013): Guidelines for clinical electroretinography in the dog: 2012 update. Documenta Ophthalmologica, 127, 79-87  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10633-013-9388-8
 
Fielding JA (1992): Imaging the eye with ultrasound. British Journal of Hospital Medicine 47, 805–815.
 
Gelatt KN (1974): Organic corneal foreign bodies in the dog. Veterinary Medicine and Small Animal Clinician 69, 1423–1428.
 
Gelatt KN, Gelatt JP (2001a): 8. Surgery of the cornea and sclera. In: Gelatt KN, Gelatt JP (eds.): Small Animal Ophthalmic Surgery. 1st ed. Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford. 180–218.
 
Gelatt KN, Gelat JP (2001b): 12. Vitreoretinal surgery. In: Gelatt KN, Gelatt JP (eds.): Small Animal Ophthalmic Surgery. 1st ed. Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford. 336–361.
 
Gilger BC, Ollivier FJ, Bentley E (2007): 15 Diseases and surgery of the canine cornea and sclera. In: Gelatt KN (eds.): Veterinary ophthalmology. 4th ed. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford. 690–745.
 
Gionfriddo JR, Chen T (2011): A challenging case: A dog with a painful red eye. Veterinary Medicine 7, 346–350.
 
Glover TL, Davidson MG, Nasisse MP, Olivero DK (1995): The intracapsular extraction of displaced lenses in dogs: a retrospective study of 57 cases (1984-1990). Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, 31, 77-81  https://doi.org/10.5326/15473317-31-1-77
 
Grahn BH, Szentimrey D, Pharr JW, Farrow CS, Fowler D (1995): Ocular and orbital porcupine quills in the dog: A review and case series. Canadian Veterinary Journal 36, 488–493.
 
Hendrix DVH (2007): 17 Diseases and surgery of the canine anterior uvea. In: Gelatt KN (eds.): Veterinary ophthalmology. 4th ed. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford. 812–849.
 
Jeong Man Bok, Narfström Kristina, Park Shin Ae, Chae Je Min, Seo Kang Moon (2009): Comparison of the effects of three different combinations of general anesthetics on the electroretinogram of dogs. Documenta Ophthalmologica, 119, 79-88  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10633-009-9173-x
 
Kinoshita JH (1974): Mechanisms initiating cataract formation. Investigative Ophthalmology 13, 713–724.
 
Klatte J. Michael, Dastjerdi Mohammad H., Clark Kylie, Harrison Christopher J., Grigorian Florin, Stahl Erin D. (2012): Hyperacute Infectious Keratitis With Plesiomonas shigelloides Following Traumatic Lamellar Corneal Laceration. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 31, 1200-1201  https://doi.org/10.1097/INF.0b013e318266b61f
 
Kommonen B, Karhunen U, Raitta C (1988): Effects of thiopentone halothane-nitrous oxide anaesthesia compared to ketamine-xylazine anaesthesia on the DC recorded dog electroretinogram. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica 29, 23–33.
 
Malar AJ, Dubielzig RR (1995): Delayed onset of endophthalmitis following lens capsule rupture. In: 25th Annual Meeting of the American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists, 46 pp.
 
Manning S, Renwick P, Heinrich CL, Cripps P (2006): The surgical management of lens dislocation in the dog: a retrospective study of 102 cases (155 eyes) 1994–2004. BSAVA Congress Clinical Research Abstracts.
 
Marfurt CF, Murphy CJ, Florczak JL (2001): Morphology and neurochemistry of canine corneal innervation. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science 42, 2242–2251.
 
Martin CL (2010a): 10. Cornea and sclera. In: Martin CL (ed.): Ophthalmic Disease in Veterinary Medicine. 2nd ed. Manson Publishing, London. 241–288.
 
Martin CL (2010b): 14. Vitreous and ocula fundus In: Martin CL (ed.): Ophthalmic Disease in Veterinary Medicine. 2nd ed. Manson Publishing, London. 401–460.
 
Mathias R. T., White T. W., Gong X. (): Lens Gap Junctions in Growth, Differentiation, and Homeostasis. Physiological Reviews, 90, 179-206  https://doi.org/10.1152/physrev.00034.2009
 
Narfstrom K, Ekesten B, Rosolen SG Spiess BM, Percicot CL, Ofri R (2002): Guidelines for clinical electroretinography in the dog. Documenta Ophthalmologica 105, 83–92. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1020524305726
 
Nasisse Mark P., Glover Tony L. (1997): Surgery for Lens Instability. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 27, 1175-1192  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0195-5616(97)50108-2
 
Ofri R (2008): 13. Lens. In: Maggs DJ, Miller PE, Ofri R (eds.): Slatter’s Fundamentals of Veterinary Ophthalmology. 4th ed. Saunders, St. Louis. 258–276.
 
Paulsen Michael E., Kass Philip H. (2012): Traumatic corneal laceration with associated lens capsule disruption: a retrospective study of 77 clinical cases from 1999 to 2009. Veterinary Ophthalmology, 15, 355-368  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-5224.2011.00990.x
 
Pizzirani S (1998): Lens dislocation. In: 4th European FECAVA SCIVAC Congress Book, 343–344.
 
Sandmeyer LS, Bowen G, Grahn BH (2007): Diagnostic ophthalmology. Anterior uveitis, cataract, retinal detachment, and an intraocular foreign body. Canadian Veterinary Journal 48, 975–976.
 
Sansom Jane, Labruyère Julien (2012): Penetrating ocular gunshot injury in a Labrador Retriever. Veterinary Ophthalmology, 15, 115-122  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-5224.2011.00941.x
 
Santoro Severino, Sannace Carmela, Cascella Maria Caterina, Lavermicocca Nicola (2003): Subluxated lens. Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery, 29, 2269-2273  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0886-3350(03)00344-4
 
Saroglu M, Erdikmen DO, Guzel O, Aydin D (2007): Luxatio lentis in dogs: a case report. Veterinarni medicina 52, 213–221.
 
SCHMIDT G. M., DICE P. F., KOCH S. A. (1975): Intraocular lead foreign bodies in four canine eyes. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 16, 33-39  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-5827.1975.tb05713.x
 
Slatter DH, Bryan GM (1972): An unusual foreign body in the anterior chamber of a dog. Veterinary Medicine and Small Animal Clinician 67, 775–778.
 
Spiess BM, Fuhli MR, Bollinger J (1996): Eye injuries from cats claw at dog (in German). Schweizer Archiv fur Tierheilkunde 138, 429–433.
 
Waring GO 3rd, Bourne WM, Edelhauser HF, Kenyon KR (1982): The corneal endothelium. Normal and pathologic structure and function. Ophthalmology 89, 531–590.
 
Wilcock BP, Peiffer RL Jr (1987): The pathology of lens-induced uveitis in dogs. Veterinary Pathology 24, 1549–1553.
 
Williams MM, Wilcock BP (1988): Traumatic exogenous uveitis. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology 1, 35–37.
 
Yuguchi T (): Pupillary Functions After Cataract Surgery Using Flexible Iris Retractor in Patients With Small Pupil,. Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology, 43, 20-24  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-5155(98)00055-0
 
download PDF

© 2020 Czech Academy of Agricultural Sciences | Prohlášení o přístupnosti