Laparoscopic abomasal cannulation in sheep
SX Zhang, K. Fu, XY Chi, JT Zhang, L. Gao, HB Wanghttps://doi.org/10.17221/8246-VETMEDCitation:Zhang S., Fu K., Chi X., Zhang J., Gao L., Wang H. (2015): Laparoscopic abomasal cannulation in sheep. Veterinarni Medicina, 60: 314-322.
Abomasal cannulation, an important research tool in experimental procedures, provides a method for the placement of an abomasal cannula in sheep. The aim of this study was to describe a technique for laparoscopic abomasal cannulation in sheep. It was performed in six anaesthetised sheep positioned in dorsal recumbency using three portals in the abdomen. The first absorbable traction suture was placed 1 cm cranial to the determined abomasal cannula site. A stab incision was made with a laparoscopic monopolar hook electrode in the middle of a purse-string suture placed around the abomasal cannula site. The T-shaped cannula was inserted into the abomasum lumen through the stab incision, and the second traction suture was then placed 1 cm caudal to the abomasal cannula site. The T-shaped abomasal cannula was pulled out of the abdominal cavity through the exit wound located 3–5 cm lateral and 10–12 cm cranial to the right side of the umbilicus. The two traction sutures were tied. The T-shaped cannula was secured to the skin with a finger-trap suture. Repeat laparoscopy was performed 1 month later. Firm adhesion between the abomasum and abdominal wall was observed in all sheep, with no evidence of leakage or peritonitis. No major intraoperative or postoperative complications were encountered. The median surgical time was 49 min, with a range from 42 to 58 min. The abomasal contents were collected easily. In conclusion, laparoscopic abomasal cannulation is safe and easy to perform. Its low complication rates and the “ideal” placement of the tube into the abomasum make it an especially attractive alternative to traditional surgical abomasal cannulation in veterinary practice.Keywords:laparoscopy; ewes; abomasum; T-shaped abomasal cannulaReferences:
Ahmed A. F., Constable P. D., McCallister M. M., Misk N. A. (2005): Abomasal Cannulation in the Milk-fed Calf Using a 7 mm Polyurethane Tube. Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series A, 52, 39-42 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0442.2004.00686.xAllen Andrew J., Park Kun-Taek, Barrington George M., Lahmers Kevin K., Abdellrazeq Gaber S., Rihan Heba M., Sreevatsan Srinand, Davies Christopher, Hamilton Mary J., Davis William C. (2011): Experimental infection of a bovine model with human isolates of Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 141, 258-266 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetimm.2011.03.014Babkine Marie, Desrochers André (2005): Laparoscopic surgery in adult cattle. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice, 21, 251-279 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvfa.2004.12.003Babkine M, Desrochers A, Boure L, Helie P (2006): Ventral laparoscopic abomasopexy on adult cows. Canadian Veterinary Journal 47, 343–348.Bingener Juliane, Krishnegowda Naveen K., Michalek Joel E. (2009): Immunologic parameters during NOTES compared with laparoscopy in a randomized blinded porcine trial. Surgical Endoscopy, 23, 178-181 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-008-0162-zBorkar Jyoti, Dave Nandini (2005): Analgesic Efficacy of Caudal Block Versus Diclofenac Suppository and Local Anesthetic Infiltration Following Pediatric Laparoscopy. Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques, 15, 415-418 https://doi.org/10.1089/lap.2005.15.415CHARLES BRUCE G., FILIPPICH LUCIO J., PASS MICHAEL A. (1993): Pharmacokinetics and Absolute Bioavailability of Cyclosporin Following Intravenous and Abomasal Administration to Sheep. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, 45, 821-824 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2042-7158.1993.tb05693.xCOKELAERE STEFAN M., MARTENS ANN M. J.G., WIEMER PETER (2005): Laparoscopic Ovariectomy in Mares Using a Polyamide Tie-Rap. Veterinary Surgery, 34, 651-656 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2005.00101.xConstable Peter D., Nouri Mohammad, Sen Ismail, Baird Aubrey N., Wittek Thomas (2012): Evidence-Based Use of Prokinetic Drugs for Abomasal Disorders in Cattle. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice, 28, 51-70 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvfa.2011.12.008Davidson Ellen B., David moll H., Payton Mark E. (2004): Comparison of Laparoscopic Ovariohysterectomy and Ovariohysterectomy in Dogs. Veterinary Surgery, 33, 62-69 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2004.04003.xDesmaizieres Louis-Marie, Martinot Stephane, Lepage Olivier M., Bareiss Emmanuel, Cadore Jean-Luc (2003): Complications associated with cannula insertion techniques used for laparoscopy in standing horses. Veterinary Surgery, 32, 501-506 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2003.00501.xDougherty RW (1955): Permanent stomach and intestinal fistulas in ruminants: some modification and simplifications. Cornell Veterinarian 45, 331–357.Driedger A, Condon RJ, Nimrick KO, Hatfield EE (1970): A modified technique for abomasal and rumen cannulation. Journal of Animal Science 31, 772–775.DUPRÉ GILLES, FIORBIANCO VALENTINA, SKALICKY MONIKA, GÜLTIKEN NILGÜN, AY SERHAN SERHAT, FINDIK MURAT (2009): Laparoscopic Ovariectomy in Dogs: Comparison Between Single Portal and Two-Portal Access. Veterinary Surgery, 38, 818-824 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2009.00601.xDuron J-J. (2007): Postoperative intraperitoneal adhesion pathophysiology. Colorectal Disease, 9, 14-24 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-1318.2007.01343.xFreeman Lynetta J. (2009): Gastrointestinal Laparoscopy in Small Animals. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 39, 903-924 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvsm.2009.05.002Hendrickson Dean A. (2008): Complications of Laparoscopic Surgery. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Equine Practice, 24, 557-571 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cveq.2008.09.003Hertzberg H, Guscetti F, Bodeker D, Pospischil A, Eckert J (1994): Access to the abomasum of sheep via a rumen fistula for follow-up studies during trichostrongylid infections. Zentralblatt fur Veterinarmedizin, Reihe B, Journal of Veterinary Medicine, Series B 41, 237–248.Holmdahl L (1997): The role of fibrinolysis in adhesion formation. European Journal of Surgery 163 (Suppl 577), 24–31.Holtenius K, Sternbauer K, Holtenius P (2000): The effect of the plasma glucose level on the abomasal function in dairy cows. Journal of Animal Science 78, 1930–1935.JIMNEZ PELEZ MANUEL, BOUVY BERNARD M., DUPR GILLES P. (2008): Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy for Treatment of Unilateral Adrenocortical Carcinomas: Technique, Complications, and Results in Seven Dogs. Veterinary Surgery, 37, 444-453 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2008.00410.xJohnson RR (1966): Techniques and procedures for in vitro and in vivo rumen studies. Journal of Animal Science 25, 855.Kim Y.-K., Lee S.-Y., Park S.-J., Lee S.-S., Lee H.-C., Lee H.-J., Yeon S.-C. (): Feasibility of single-portal access laparoscopic ovariectomy in 17 cats. Veterinary Record, 169, 179-179 https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.d4293Knight Jacqueline S, Baird David B, Hein Wayne R, Pernthaner Anton (2010): The gastrointestinal nematode Trichostrongylus colubriformis down-regulates immune gene expression in migratory cells in afferent lymph. BMC Immunology, 11, 51- https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2172-11-51Kristensen N.B., Engbæk M., Vestergaard M., Harmon D.L. (2010): Technical note: Ruminal cannulation technique in young Holstein calves: Effects of cannulation on feed intake, body weight gain, and ruminal development at six weeks of age. Journal of Dairy Science, 93, 737-742 https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2009-2488Monnet Eric, Twedt David C (2003): Laparoscopy. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 33, 1147-1163 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0195-5616(03)00058-5Ozkan F, Cakir-Ozkan N, Eyibilen A, Yener T, Erkorkmaz U (2010): Comparison of ketamine-diazepam with ketamine-xylazine anesthetic combinations in sheep spontaneously breathing and undergoing maxillofacial surgery. Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences 10, 297–302.Pearson EG, Guard CL, Smith DF (1981): A method for obtaining abomasal fluid via a rumen fistula. Cornell Veterinarian 71, 183–187.Schreinemacher M. H. F., Emans P. J., Gijbels M. J. J., Greve J.-W. M., Beets G. L., Bouvy N. D. (2009): Degradation of mesh coatings and intraperitoneal adhesion formation in an experimental model. British Journal of Surgery, 96, 305-313 https://doi.org/10.1002/bjs.6446Seeger Torsten, Kümper Harald, Failing Klaus, Doll Klaus (2006): Comparison of laparoscopic-guided abomasopexy versus omentopexy via right flank laparotomy for the treatment of left abomasal displacement in dairy cows. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 67, 472-478 https://doi.org/10.2460/ajvr.67.3.472Stafford KJ, Chambers JP, Sylvester SP, Kenyon PR, Morris ST, Lizarraga I, de Nicolo G (2006): Stress caused by laparoscopy in sheep and its alleviation. New Zealand Veterinary Journal, 54, 109-113 https://doi.org/10.1080/00480169.2006.36621VYNCKIER L. J., DEBACKERE M. (1993): Plasma ronidazole concentrations in sheep after intravenous, oral, intraruminal and intraabomasal administration. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 16, 70-78 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2885.1993.tb00291.xWITTEK THOMAS, TISCHER KATJA, KÖRNER IMKE, SATTLER TATJANA, CONSTABLE PETER D., FÜRLL MANFRED (2008): Effect of Preoperative Erythromycin or Dexamethasone/Vitamin C on Postoperative Abomasal Emptying Rate in Dairy Cows Undergoing Surgical Correction of Abomasal Volvulus. Veterinary Surgery, 37, 537-544 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2008.00401.xZHANG Shi-Xia, WANG Hong-Bin, ZHANG Jian-Tao, ZHANG Nan, PAN Long (2013): Laparoscopic Colopexy in Dogs. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 75, 1161-1166 https://doi.org/10.1292/jvms.12-0538Zinther N. B., Wara P., Friis-Andersen H. (2010): Intraperitoneal onlay mesh: an experimental study of adhesion formation in a sheep model. Hernia, 14, 283-289 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10029-009-0622-y