Treatment of mange caused by Caparinia tripilis in native Korean wild hedgehogs (Erinaceus amurensis): a case report
KY Eo, D. Kwak, OD Kwonhttps://doi.org/10.17221/7927-VETMEDCitation:Eo K., Kwak D., Kwon O. (2015): Treatment of mange caused by Caparinia tripilis in native Korean wild hedgehogs (Erinaceus amurensis): a case report. Veterinarni Medicina, 60: 57-61.
Infestation of the Caparinia tripilis mite in native Korean wild hedgehogs (Erinaceus amurensis) is described in this report. Five hedgehogs, including two adult males and three adult females, were rescued from the wild and referred to the Animal Health Centre of the Seoul Zoo, Korea. They were exhibited after completing quarantine. After one year and two months of exhibition, all hedgehogs began scratching, developed powdery deposits around the ears, eyes, and cheeks, and showed loose spines, scurf, and scales on the dorsal lesions. One had pruritic dermatitis on the outer ears and upper chest that resulted from severe scratching using its hind leg claws. The motile powdery deposits around the ears and eyes were visible to the naked eye. Skin was scraped from the lesions and examined by microscopy to diagnose the causative agent. Numerous mites (300–400 µm body length) were observed with three long setae on the third pair of legs, short and unjointed pedicels, and bell-shaped tarsal caruncles. Based on these morphological features, the mites were identified as the non-burrowing C. tripilis mite. Treatment was successful after initial administration of 0.4 mg/kg ivermectin s.c. and subsequent 0.5 mg/kg p.o., repeated 14 and 28 days after injection. This is the first description of a capariniosis case in the native Korean wild hedgehog E. amurensis.Keywords:capariniosis; mange; Erinaceus amurensis; native Korean wild hedgehogs; treatmentReferences:
Bexton S, Robinson I (2003): Hedgehogs. In: Mullineaux E, Best D, Cooper JE (eds.): BSAVA Manual of Wildlife Casualities. 2nd ed. 49–65.Brockie R.E. (): The hedgehog mange mite, Caparinia tripilis , in New Zealand. New Zealand Veterinary Journal, 22, 243-247 https://doi.org/10.1080/00480169.1974.34179Kim DH, Oh DS, Ahn KS, Shin SS (2012a): An outbreak of Caparinia tripilis in a colony of African pygmy hedgehogs (Atelerix albiventris) from Korea. Korean Journal of Parasitology 50, 151–156.Kim KR, Ahn KS, Oh DS, Shin SS (2012b): Efficacy of a combination of 10% imidacloprid and 1% moxidectin against Caparinia tripilis in African pygmy hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris). Parasites and Vectors 5, 1–8.Letcher James D. (1988): Amitraz as a Treatment for Acariasis in African Hedgehogs (Atelerix albiventris). The Journal of Zoo Animal Medicine, 19, 24- https://doi.org/10.2307/20094848Meredith A, Johnson-Delaney C (2010): African pygmy hedgehogs. In: BSAVA Manual of Exotic Pets. 5th ed. 139–147.Michael A. D. (1889): On some unrecorded Parasitic Acari found in Great Britain.. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology, 20, 400-406 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.1889.tb01451.xMoreira Andrés, Troyo Adriana, Calderón-Arguedas Olger (2013): First report of acariasis by Caparinia tripilis in African hedgehogs, (Atelerix albiventris), in Costa Rica. Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, 22, 155-158 https://doi.org/10.1590/S1984-29612013000100029Nowak RM (1999): Walker’s Mammals of the World. 6th ed. The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore. 174–179.Staley EC, Staley EE, Behr MJ (1994): Use of permethrin as a miticide in the African hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris). Veterinary and Human Toxicology 36, 138.Stocker L (2005): Hedgehogs. In: Practical Wildlife Care. 2nd ed. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford. 200–215.Sweatman Gordon K. (1962): PARASITIC MITES OF NON-DOMESTICATED ANIMALS IN NEW ZEALAND. New Zealand Entomologist, 3, 15-23 https://doi.org/10.1080/00779962.1962.9722809Tsytsulina K (2008): Erinaceus amurensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. Downloaded on 08 July 2014.Woon PH (1967): Family Erinaceidae. In: Illustrated Encyclopedia of Fauna and Flora of Korea. Vol 7. Mammals. Ministry of Education, Seoul. 261–266.